About Our Flutes

Here at Singing Tree Flutes we not only offer traditional Native American style flutes, but we are perpetually innovating in regards to the scales we incorporate, the woods we use and the different types of flutes that we create. We thoroughly enjoy creatively expanding our flutes to new heights.

We understand that browsing our website can be overwhelming to those who are new to us and Native American style flutes in general.

We hope this page will make it easier for you to make a well informed decision when ordering your flutes.

The wood we use

Exotic & Local - Hardwoods & Softwoods

Historically, Cedar has been an important wood for the construction of Native American style flutes. Today we see flutes being built with many different soft and hardwoods as flute makers continue to innovate and explore.

At STF we try to be as environmentally friendly as possible with the wood that we use in our flutes. That means, we have stopped buying wood that is on endangered hardwood lists and we veer away from woods that are being unsustainably harvested.

Luckily for us, we live in a part of the country that gives us access to many fine hard and softwoods. One of the places we get our wood is Sustainable NW Wood. They offer sustainably harvested wood along with reclaimed wood. Juniper, Murtlewood, Curly Walnut, Maple, Madrone and Cedar among others.

We also offer non-local hardwoods, which we have verified are not endangered. Canary wood, Limba, Purple Heart, Paduk, Zircote, Koa and Bocote are some of the exotic hardwoods we work with. We have since stopped working with Ebony because of its endangered status.

We also love to work with American figured hardwoods like Mahogany, Walnut and Maple. Another favorite from our vast continent is Cherry.

Cedar of course is a mainstay for us, but we offer other softwoods including Juniper, Aromatic Cedar and Pine.

Flute Types

Single Chamber-Drones-Contrabass

Single Chamber Flute - This is your traditional NAF style flute that has one chamber and can play one note at a time.

Drone Flutes - This is a flute with either two chambers ( double drone ) or three chambers ( triple drone ).

Double Drone Flutes - have one chamber that is the drone ( one note ) and another chamber that plays the full scale. The drone note is the fifth scale degree of the key your flute is in. It plays a fourth below the tonic note.

Triple Drone Flutes - have two drone chambers and one chamber that plays the full scale.

Alternating Drones - drones that have one chamber with a scale and the other chamber with a playing hole that can change the note of that chamber.

Harmony Drones - drones that have two different key scales on either chamber that will harmonize with each other, they often have one side that is shorter than the other.

Bass & Contrabass - low resonant keys that are big and sometimes have a back-blown mouthpiece. They can be single or double chambered.

The scales we use

NAF minor & Specialty Scales


NAF minor is the most popular and most common scale that you will find with Native American Flutes. At Singing Tree Flutes we are constantly expanding our repertoire. If you are interested in learning more about NAF minor, or if you are searching for something different, take a look at the scales we use on our flutes below.

NAF Minor

The NAF minor is the tuning that most Native American Flutes in general come with. It is a minor pentatonic with the option of playing a flat sixth. The pentatonic scale is ancient. It predates Pythagoras, the Babylonians and virtually every other culture all the way back to early bird bone flutes.

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The Major scale is the most recognizable of all the scales we use. You have been hearing it from the moment you were born, it plays a part in our lives without you even knowing it. Happy, bright, airy and content, are words to describe this scale.

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Native American Indigenous (NAI)

This scale was played by the indigenous people of the Great Plains. It consists of six notes and has a distinct sound. It can modulate between a more contemplative melancholy sound and a bold, adventurous song.

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The name Aeolian was originally derived from the inhabitants of Aeolis. This area is the Aeolian Islands and the adjacent coastal district of Asia Minor. This musical mode was used by the ancient greeks.

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The Anasazi scale originally comes from 7th century flutes that were discovered in Northeastern Arizona. These flutes are the oldest known wooden flutes to be discovered in North America. The cave in which they were found is now referred to as Broken Flute Cave.

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What we call the Arabian scale comes from the middle east. The Maqam is called Hijaz Nahawand. It is an exquisite scale that gives the mysterious sound of a snake charmer.

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440Hz or 432Hz?

There is a hot debate going on right now between the classic 440Hz, which everyone has been hearing for decades, and the new "sound healing" vibration of 432Hz. Find out which tuning is best suited for you, by clicking the button below.